A TDT (Thermal Death Time apparatus) with five retorts is available for thermal inactivation kinetics studies (D and z value calculations). In addition, the pilot plant area has multiple retorts (rotary retort, Shaka process, water immersion). In addition, a HTST pasteurization system is available in the novel food processing technologies bay. Multiple refrigerators, blast chillers, freezers are available for evaluating the cooling efficacy of various foods. Moreover, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 software is also available for modeling and simulation.